You may have heard about egg donation through family or friends, or you might have seen it somewhere online. This article will explain what egg donation is, who it’s for, and the egg donation process.
Egg donation is the process by which a woman’s oocyte (commonly referred to as egg) is removed from a fertile woman to be donated, fertilized and later implanted in another woman’s body.
The retrieval procedure is performed in a clinic, and the eggs are fertilized with sperm through invitro fertilization (IVF) and transferred into another woman’s uterus. IVF is a procedure whereby eggs and sperm are combined and fertilized outside the body, and then implemented in the uterus.
Egg donation is a vital step to the surrogacy process, as some women have poor egg quality and require donated eggs to have their child.
What are the requirements to becoming an egg donor? The answer may vary depending on the agency.
ConceiveAbilities requirements are in line with ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine) guidelines on egg, sperm and embryo donation.
These guidelines include:
The egg donation process consists of three phases: a medical screening, a legal phase, and then the retrieval procedure. Here is a detailed breakdown of each phase:
After signing up to become an egg donor and matching with intended parents, your match details and medical information are sent to the intended parents’ IVF clinic.
Next, your medical screening is scheduled. This is when a doctor checks your medical history and current conditions to determine whether you are fit to donate your eggs. Your MM will send you the date once it is confirmed. The medical screening may also be conducted in 2 appointments. It can take 2-4 weeks to receive the medical screening results.
Once the screenings are complete, you will be granted medical clearance, meaning you are physically and mentally ready and approved for an egg donation.
Next, you will be given the information to contact your attorney who will discuss the legal process and assist you in negotiating and finalizing a Direct Agreement between you and the Intended Parents.
Once the direct agreement is cleared by all parties, a “legal clearance” will be sent to the fertility center allowing the medication phase to begin. It is important that you collaborate with your nurse to develop a treatment calendar.
Once you receive legal clearance, you are ready to start the donor cycle.
Depending on your the fertility clinic’s Center’s specific protocol, you may be taking medication between 2 to 4 weeks. In order to ensure that you are appropriately responding to the medication you will be asked to attend regular appointments at the fertility clinic.
The final step of the process is the retrieval phase. This is a surgical procedure performed under conscious sedation where the physician uses a tube attached to an ultrasound probe to guide a suction needle into each ovary to remove matured eggs from the follicles. Donors are in the clinic for a few hours before being released.
As with most surgeries, the procedure can result in some mild to moderate discomfort, and surgical risks can include infection, lacerations, and infertility. Donors may receive structural damage to organs beside their ovaries during the procedure, such as bladder, bowel, or uterus. This occurs in about 1 in 500 to 1000 surgeries.
Ready to become an egg donor? Click on our application here.
For more information on surrogacy, egg donation, and parenthood, check out the ConceiveAbilities blog today.
All Things Conceivable is a blog dedicated to sharing the knowledge and expert opinions of the dedicated team at ConceiveAbilities, a Chicago-based egg donation and surrogacy agency.